perguntas e respostas
Nesta página você encontrará a resposta para a pergunta TRINTA E UM sobre Jesus Cristo.
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31) Jesus suou sangue? O que é Hematidrose?
39Jesus saiu e, como de costume, foi para o monte das Oliveiras. Os discípulos O acompanharam. 40Chegando ao lugar, Jesus disse para eles: "Rezem para não caírem na tentação." 41Então, afastou-se uns trinta metros e, de joelhos, começou a rezar: 42"Pai, se queres, afasta de mim este cálice. Contudo, não se faça a minha vontade, mas a tua!" 43Apareceu-Lhe um anjo do céu, que o confortava. 44Tomando de angústia, Jesus rezava com mais insistência. Seu suor se tornou como gotas de sangue, que caíam no chão. 45Levantando-se da oração, Jesus foi para junto dos discípulos, e os encontrou dormindo, vencidos pela tristeza. 46E perguntou-lhes: "Por que vocês estão dormindo? Levantem-se e rezem, para não caírem na tentação."
Estes versículos descrevem a situação emocional de Jesus nos momentos que antecederam a sua prisão, julgamento, tortura e crucificação. Jesus sabia do sofrimento atroz que teria que enfrentar. Seu stress teria sido tão grande que ele teria chegado a suar sangue.
Muitos duvidam da possibilidade de uma pessoa Suar Sangue quando submetido a stress intenso. O mais interessante é que poucos duvidam que uma pessoa pode morrer em conseqüência de um stress intenso. Isto acontece porque a morte causado por stress é bem mais comum do que o ato de suar sangue. Porém, nesta situação extrema, pequenos vasos sangüíneos que estão sob as glândulas sudoríparas podem se romper e o sangue sair pelos poros do corpo junto com o suor.
O autor desta HP, psicólogo de profissão, já presenciou em duas oportunidade tais fatos acontecerem. E nas duas oportunidades o paciente estava sob stress intenso e a região onde houve este Suou Sangue foi o couro cabeludo.
Abaixo segue algumas outras informações sobre o fenômeno:
- Dicionário Aurélio:
hematidrose . [De hemat(o)- + -idr(o)- + -ose1.] S. f. Med. 1. Excreção de suor sanguinolento.
- Stedman's Medical Dictionary by Thomas Lathrop Stedman
(este é um dos mais respeitados dicionários médicos do mundo - conteúdo traduzido)
hemathidrosis = (hemat[sangue] + hidr o s [suor] )= hematidrose, hematidrosis; hemidrose; sudor sanguimeus; excreção de sangue ou pigmento sanguíneo no suor; distúrbio extremamente raro.
- A opinião do Dr. Kelly Hollowell, J.D., Ph.D. em um texto chamado Sweating Blood
The answer is a resounding yes. There is a very rare medical condition, in which an individual can, indeed, sweat blood. It is called hematidrosis, and it is associated with a high degree of psychological stress. "What happens is that severe anxiety causes the release of chemicals that break down the capillaries in the sweat glands. As a result, there´s a small amount of bleeding into these sweat glands, and the sweat comes out tinged with blood."
- DICCIONARIO TERMINOLÓGICO DE OFTALMOLOGÍA
Prof. Dr. DEMETRIO PITA SALORIO Catedrático de Oftalmología
Hospital Clínico y Provincial Universidad de Barcelona y otros
Termo: Hematidrosis / Haematidrosis
Mezcla de sangre con la secreción normal de las glándulas sudoríparas dando un aspecto de "sudor sangriento". Se ha descrito en los párpados como gotas rojas que aparecen en la fiebre, estados emocionales o períodos menstruales de mujeres psiquicamente inestables, en la epilepsia y, más frecuentemente, en la púrpura.
- Abaixo colocamos dois textos ( em inglês) para você se aprofundar no tema.
By Kelly Hollowell, J.D., Ph.D.
Can anyone ever really anguish to the point of sweating blood?
Science Ministries - Most Christians are familiar with the events that followed “The Last Supper.” Jesus went out, as usual, to the Mount of Olives. His disciples followed him, and “on reaching a place, he withdrew about a stone’s throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed … and being in anguish, He prayed more earnestly, and His sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.”
The question is, "how are we to understand this short but rather difficult passage?"
Christians believe that as Jesus went into the Garden at Gethsemane, He was anticipating the coming events of the next day. Certainly, this would have produced a great deal of psychological stress. Still, is it possible that Jesus could have anguished to the point of sweating blood? Or is this simply the product of an overactive imagination?
Skeptics frequently refer to this passage as one of many that calls the accuracy of Scripture into question. Certainly, if the description of events leading up to the death of Christ cannot be taken at face value, how can anyone believe the account of His resurrection? If untrue, skeptics would be justified in their view of the Bible as little more than a story for imparting good moral conduct on its believers.
But the writer of this Gospel is Luke. Luke was a well-educated man, a physician by profession, and a loyal friend.(1) His writing is viewed as very articulate and possessing great literary style that clearly demonstrates his command of the Greek language. Not only has archeological research confirmed that he was a careful historian, but the text itself clearly illustrates Luke’s intention to produce an accurate account of the events that occurred.
“Many have undertaken to draw an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who, from the first, were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may also know the certainty of the things you have been taught." (Luke 1:1-4)
Clearly, Luke is saying that he intends to write accurately about the things he investigated and found to be well supported. Therefore, it seems unlikely that he would have compromised, in any way, the narrative of what he observed that most important night in the Garden of Gethsemane. But can anyone ever really anguish to the point of sweating blood?
The answer is a resounding yes. There is a very rare phenomenon, a medical condition, in which an individual can, indeed, sweat blood. It is called hematidrosis, and it is associated with a high degree of psychological stress. “What happens is that severe anxiety causes the release of chemicals that break down the capillaries in the sweat glands. As a result, there’s a small amount of bleeding into these sweat glands, and the sweat comes out tinged with blood.”(2)
So why was Luke the only one to record this aspect of Christ’s suffering? The answer is not known. Clearly, no single account of Christ’s life, as detailed by the Gospel record, is intended to be exhaustive. Each of the gospels appears to focus on different aspects of Jesus’ life. Quite possibly, it is because of Luke’s interest as a physician in this rare physiological phenomenon, that he is the only one to record this aspect of Christ’s suffering.
In any event, the discovery of this medical condition authenticates the Gethsemane account recorded by Luke. Once again, the Bible is revealed as authentic. Its science is revealed as accurate—and far in advance of its times. But it does far more: It speaks most dramatically of the intense spiritual agony Jesus was suffering as He faced the terrible trauma of death on the cross—of being made sin for the world.
1) Henry M. Morris, THE DEFENDER’S STUDY BIBLE, p. 1533 (1995).
2) Lee Strobel, THE CASE FOR CHRIST, THE MEDICAL EVIDENCE, p. 195 (1998).
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Sweating Blood - The Implications
By Glenn Stanton
What exactly was the anxiety in Christ that caused Him to sweat blood?
Science Channel - Christianity.com - The article on Christ sweating blood in the Garden was great and that fact has enormous implications…far beyond apologetics.
That Christ sweated blood on the eve of going to the cross speaks volumes about understanding our humanity and His. The incarnation is something few Christians really appreciate. We are practical docetists, not really believing Christ, while fully God, was also fully human.
The fact that Christ sweated blood as He contemplated the cross is a vivid picture of His "fully human" side and blows to smithereens the false idea that faithful Christians should not be anxious about things.
Somehow we think emotional stoicism is Godly. We believe that keeping an “even-keel” emotionally is a sign of great faith. It is not.
Rather, it is a sign that we are just as God created us, beings with God-created emotions. Sometimes those emotions can get pretty intense and cause us great unrest. Does this mean we don’t trust God? The reality of Christ sweating blood is a megaphone telling us it does not.
Often, I think, we do not allow ourselves to be human, because we don't think it is spiritual or that is a lack of faith.
The wonder of Christ's incarnation (and the simple fact that He created humanity) show that this is wrong thinking. We don't see that kind of "spirituality" in Christ, do we? In His humanity, among other signs of emotion, He suffered great anxiety...to the point of blood.
An interesting question is what prompted this anxiety in Christ? The physician that Lee Strobel (sited in the article) sites in his book, explains that it was anticipation of the suffering and pain He would carry the next day.
I think that is valid, but I don’t think we should miss another explanation. We cannot overlook the fact that for a short while on the next day, communion with His father would be cut off. Given Christ’s intimacy with the Father, this was the more painful and anxiety-inducing prospect.
Given that the Father and Son (and Spirit) have gloried in each other's company from eternity into eternity and that communion is intrinsic to who They are, that short absence was the greater pain.
The lesson we get from that is that relationships matter! In fact, the things in life that matter most have relationship at their core. And the emotions that we show, be they happy or sad, reflect that we are created in the image of God. And that is powerful stuff.
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